Tuesday, May 6, 2014

Green Living Project To what extent did the establishment of Cabrini Green change Chicago in terms of Rights and Responsibilities?

Question by Brianna: To what extent did the establishment of Cabrini Green change Chicago in terms of Rights and Responsibilities?
I’m creating a documentary for Cabrini Green projects based off of this question. I need to create 4 Categories and I only came up with 2.

- Violated the Right to Sanitary Living Conditions
- Provided Unsafe Living Conditions


Best answer:

Answer by Ted K
Cabrini–Green (Frances Cabrini Row-houses and William Green Homes) was a Chicago Housing Authority (CHA) public housing project located on Chicago’s Near North Side. It was bordered by the apex of Clybourn Ave and Halsted Street on the north, North Larrabee Street on the east, Chicago Avenue on the south, and Halsted Street on the west. Today, only a set of row houses, built in the 1940s, still remain (south of Oak Street, north of Chicago Avenue, west of Hudson Avenue, and east of Larrabee Street).

At its peak, Cabrini–Green was home to 15,000 people, living in mid- and high-rise apartment buildings totaling 3607 units. Over the years, gang violence and neglect created terrible living conditions for the residents, and the name “Cabrini–Green” became synonymous with the problems associated with public housing in the United States. The last of the buildings in Cabrini–Green was demolished in March 2011 The area has been undergoing redevelopment since the late 1990s, into a combination of high-rise buildings and row houses, with the stated goal of creating a mixed-income neighborhood, with some units reserved for public housing tenants. Controversy regarding the implementation of these plans has arisen

n response to the various problems associated with living in Cabrini–Green, residents have organized over the years both to pressure the city for assistance and to protect and support each other. In 1996, the federal government mandated the destruction of 18,000 units of public housing in Chicago (along with tens of thousands of other units nationwide). In response, some Cabrini–Green tenant activists have organized to prevent themselves from becoming homeless and to protect what they and their supporters see as a right to public housing for the city’s poorest residents. The activists succeeded in obtaining a consent decree guaranteeing that some buildings will remain standing while the new structures are built, so that tenants can remain in their homes until new ones are available.] The document also guarantees displaced Cabrini residents a home in the new neighborhood.

While Cabrini–Green was deteriorating during the postwar era, causing industry, investment, and residents to abandon its immediate surroundings, the rest of Chicago’s Near North Side underwent equally dramatic upward changes in socioeconomic status.

Over time, Cabrini–Green’s location became increasingly desirable to private developers. Speculators began purchasing property immediately adjacent to the projects, with the expectation that the complex would eventually be demolished. In May 1995, the federal Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) took over management of the CHA and almost immediately began demolishing the first of the vacant buildings in Cabrini Extension, intending to make Chicago a showpiece of a new, mixed-income approach to public housing. Shortly thereafter, in June 1996, the city of Chicago and the CHA unveiled the Near North Redevelopment Initiative, which called for new development on and around the Cabrini–Green site. Under a ten-year Plan for Transformation, which was officially enacted in 2000, the city plans to demolish almost all of its high-rise public housing, including much of Cabrini–Green (except the original row houses, which will remain). Demolition of Cabrini Extension was completed in 2002; part of the site was added to Seward Park, and construction of new, mixed-income housing on the remainder of the site began in 2006.) Cabrini–Green site will include 30% public-housing replacement homes and 20% “workforce affordable” housing, while many adjacent developments (almost all targeted at luxury buyers) include 20% affordable housing, half targeted as public-housing replacement, with a goal of 505 replacement units built off-site.

Plans for the demolition and redevelopment of Green Homes are still under negotiation, while the original Cabrini row houses are currently undergoing rehabilitation. providing for case-managed social services, would be applied to families initially moving from public housing; and an agreed-upon modified program run by CHA’s voucher administrator, CHAC Inc., would encourage former CHA residents to relocate to economically and racially integrated communities as well as give them increased access to social services.

Some former CHA residents have moved out of Chicago to nearby suburbs such as Harvey or to other housing developments in nearby cities. New residents have successfully moved into CHA replacement housing, and to date, residents of the mixed-income developments have reported fewer problems. The last two families in Cabrini–Green were forced out by a federal judge’s decree on December 1, 2010. Crime has dramatically decreased as the area’s population has shifted; in the first half of 2006, only one murder occurred. Demolition of Cabrini–Green continued slowly and was completed in 2011.

Know better? Leave your own answer in the comments!

Tags:Cabrini, change, chicago, establishment, extent, Green, Living, project, Responsibilities, rights, Terms



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