Saturday, May 31, 2014

Green Construction Q&A: How do you make a green screen for weather broadcasting?

Question by Andrew: How do you make a green screen for weather broadcasting?
I need to know

Best answer:

Answer by completely-awesome
Here you go!
1.Before you begin any construction, it’s a good idea to plan your studio layout and green screen size. There is nothing worse than building a green screen which ends up being not quite wide enough.
Set up your proposed studio area and camera(s). Go through every type of shot you could possibly want and measure the total required background area. Allow enough room to change your mind about framing or widen the shot more than you originally thought. Also, allow extra space to the sides of the screen to place lights.Ideally there should be some space between the foreground subjects and the green screen — this makes lighting easier.
2.There is some debate over which materials are acceptable for use as a green screen. Many professionals will tell you that the colour must be just the right shade of green, or that the screen must be made of certain material. It is certainly true that some materials and colours are better, but in reality you can make an effective green screen from just about any smooth, green surface.
If you really want the best possible screen you should do an Internet search for green screen material. There are numerous websites which sell specialist material and with a little research you can find something to suit your studio. Be aware that professional green screen material can be quite expensive.
In the more likely event that you would like a cheap option to get started with, you will be glad to hear that it’s not hard finding useable material. There are three main options:
A.Use a solid material such as cardboard or wood, painted green.
B.Use flexible or spongy material such as foam, spandex, etc. If you’re going this way, you are probably better off to buy professional material.
C.Use some sort of fabric. You can either buy green material or buy white material and paint/dye it green

3.In case you’re wondering, the green screen does require it’s own lighting. It’s highly unlikely that you would be able to use the screen with existing ambient light or the same light you use for the foreground subjects. As mentioned previously, you should plan your screen lights before you begin construction.The key to lighting a green screen is consistency. The whole point is to create a single, consistent shade of colour across the entire screen.You will need at least two lights, preferably more. The diagram below shows how you could light a green screen which is a few metres across, using a couple of 300-500w lights (one at each end) and a couple of 100-250w lights below pointing up.
4.Once you have recorded your green screen footage you will obviously need to remove the green parts of the image and replace it with your own background. This is done through a process called chroma keying, which means selecting a colour and removing every instance of that colour in the image. Any image placed “behind” this image then becomes visible.
There are two common ways to create a chroma key:

D.In real time, using a video switcher or special effects generator.
E.In post-production, using editing or compositing software.
We will assume that you are using the second method since this is by far the most common, especially for beginners. Exactly how you do a chroma key will depend on the editing software you use but the general process used by most applications goes like this:

F.Place the green screen footage on a layer in the timeline.
G.Place the footage or image to be used as the background on a layer below the green screen footage.
H.Add a green screen or chroma key effect to the top layer (the example shown is the effect supplied with Adobe Premiere).
I.Select green as the colour to use in the key. Most software provides a colour picker to help you do this.
J.After selecting the colour, parts of the image will become transparent and you should see the background appear in these parts. Adjust various parameters to get the best effect
Tips
Some software packages provide dedicated green and blue screen effects which may require the screen to be a very specific colour. If these effects don’t work, use the more general and forgiving chroma key effect. In most studios there will be some variation in the screen colour, no matter how hard you try to make it consistent. When selecting the key colour, try to select a part of the screen which best represents the overall colour.Key parameters to adjust include similarity and blending. Experiment with these to see how they work. You will almost always have to adjust these to get an acceptable effect.Make sure anyone appearing in your video is aware that they cannot wear green (or blue if you’re using a bluescreen). You also need to avoid green (or blue) props and other objects. Watch out for logos and symbols on people’s clothing — these may be small enough that nobody notices them while shooting, but after adding the key they become horribly obvious holes in the person’s body.As well as avoiding green or blue, you will probably notice th

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Tags:Broadcasting, Construction, Green, screen, Weather

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