Sunday, March 31, 2013

Sustainable Home Design What's the difference between geological engineering & environmental engineering?

Question by Rain Bow: What’s the difference between geological engineering & environmental engineering?
What different environments/situations do they work in? Which is more popular?

Best answer:

Answer by El Greco © 
geological engineering

What does a Geological Engineer do?

Geological engineering integrates two disciplines — geology and engineering. Geologists study the earth — its origins, its composition, and its evolution. Engineers apply scientific principles to practical ends, such as in the design and construction of infrastructure and facilities. Geological engineers help find the best ways to use the earth’s resources to solve technical problems in an environmentally sustainable manner. Geological engineers might solve problems associated with man-made structures in rock or soils such as dams, tunnels, roadways, and power plants. In addition, they may help mitigate naturally occurring phenomena such as floods, landslides, earthquakes and tsunamis or develop safe and environmentally sound subsurface openings for mineral extraction, energy storage and waste disposal or remediate polluted sites and restore contaminated aquifers.

Geological Engineering is an interdisciplinary undergraduate and graduate program offered by the College of Engineering in cooperation with the Department of Geology and Geophysics. Nearly all GLE graduates are eligible for a second major in geology and typically seek both P.E. and P.G. registration.

Curriculum Overview

A geological engineer might, for example, be hired to design or construct man-made structures in rock or soil or to help protect us from naturally occurring phenomena or to devise remediation of contaminated sites and groundwater. Geological engineers find employment with a wide variety of organizations including construction and mining companies, geotechnical and hydrogeological consulting firms, petroleum producers, government research laboratories, and federal and state environmental and water resource agencies. Common tasks undertaken by geological engineers include site reconnaissance, drilling and sampling, laboratory and field testing, field instrumentation and monitoring, and analysis and design. To prepare geological engineers to undertake such assignments, a rigorous curriculum of courses in basic sciences (mathematics, computer science, physics, chemistry), geology/geophysics, engineering sciences/design, liberal studies, and communication arts is required.

environmental engineering

Environmental engineering is the application of science and engineering principles to improve the natural environment (air, water, and/or land resources), to provide healthy water, air, and land for human habitation (house or home) and for other organisms, and to remediate polluted sites. It involves waste water management and air pollution control, recycling, waste disposal, radiation protection, industrial hygiene, environmental sustainability, and public health issues as well as a knowledge of environmental engineering law. It also includes studies on the environmental impact of proposed construction projects.

Environmental engineers conduct hazardous-waste management studies to evaluate the significance of such hazards, advise on treatment and containment, and develop regulations to prevent mishaps. Environmental engineers also design municipal water supply and industrial wastewater treatment systems as well as address local and worldwide environmental issues such as the effects of acid rain, global warming, ozone depletion, water pollution and air pollution from automobile exhausts and industrial sources. At many universities, Environmental Engineering programs follow either the Department of Civil Engineering or The Department of Chemical Engineering at Engineering faculties. Environmental “civil” engineers focus on hydrology, water resources management, bioremediation, and water treatment plant design. Environmental “chemical” engineers, on the other hand, focus on environmental chemistry, advanced air and water treatment technologies and separation processes.

Additionally, engineers are more frequently obtaining specialized training in law (J.D.) and are utilizing their technical expertise in the practices of Environmental engineering law.[citation needed]. About four percent of environmental engineers go on to obtain Board Certification in their specialty area(s) of environmental engineering

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